India’s expenditure on health is a mere 1.29% of the GDP in 2019-20. Though there have been ample revolutions, the Right to Healthcare in India has always been a concern.
The right to healthcare in India has been emphasized in the constitution through different articles and rights. Let us have a quick look-
- Under Article 38 of the Indian constitution strict liability has been imposable by the state that will secure a social order to promote the welfare of the people.
- Under Article 39(e) of the Indian constitution, special importance has been specifiable to workers’ health.
- Article 41 imposes a duty to ensure public assistance for those who are sick and disabled.
- Article 47 casts a duty to raise people’s nutrition levels and standard of living and improve public health.
- Moreover, the constitution does not oblige the state to enhance public health. It also endows the panchayats and municipalities to strengthen public health under article 243(G).
- Currently, “public health and sanitization, hospitals and dispensaries” falls under the state list in the 7th schedule of the constitution.
There have been some cases which remarks the right to healthcare in India such as-
- Bandhua Mukti Morcha v. Union of India recognized the right to healthcare as a right that flows from the right to life under the constitution of India.
- State of Punjab v. Ram Lubhaya Bugga, the court recognized that the right to health care is fundamental to the right to life and that it is for the state to ensure it.
India has taken major steps to improve its public health system and has become a leader in health administration.
However, the recent worsening of the economic crisis and the widening gap between rich and poor has worsened the already alarming situation and created even more problems for the poor people.
Health Care Bill
Right to Healthcare in India was initiable during the 17th session of the Indian Legislature, considered the first national health reform plan.
The main function of this bill is to provide basic healthcare services to all citizens of India, free of cost.
This bill intends to introduce transparency and accountability into the health sector and encourage private investment in the healthcare sector. The National Health Mission is another important bill that seeks to empower state governments and promote rural development.
The bill’s focus is more on structural reforms such as-
-Developing hospitals and clinics,
-Improving the clinical facilities,
-Recruiting skilled staff, and
-Ensuring timely access to affordable healthcare services.
The Right to Healthcare in India
Right to Healthcare in India seeks to protect the interests of the needy in the healthcare system by improving the quality of service delivery. The bill’s primary objective is-
-To ensure quality health care services and
-Protect the interests of the vulnerable sections of society.
Unlike the International conventions on healthcare, the Right to Healthcare in India does not emphasize protecting individuals’ rights and freedom related to medical decision-making.
Right to Healthcare in India also emphasizes the principle of informed consent and refusal of treatment for non-compliance, involuntary treatment, and health tests, informed treatment, and respect for a person’s privacy.
According to the pre-condition for eligibility for the grant, every resident of India is eligible to avail of health facilities.
Therefore, the right to Healthcare in India facilitates the provision of medical assistance to those who may not seek proper treatment on their own.
The right to adequate medical care and service is:-
-A human right that has been guarantee able to every individual by the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights. However, the scenario is not satisfactory in the country, with many healthcare facilities being makeshift and outdated.
Many people suffer in poverty because of the lack of basic facilities and proper equipment in the country. However, the Government of India has taken measures to improve the healthcare system, thereby providing the Right to Healthcare to all.
Right to Healthcare in India is confinable to the health hazards faced by the community at large and the hazards faced by an individual.
Various studies conducted by international agencies have indicated how the community suffers from poor health and sanitation conditions. With the growth of the population, these issues have grown and are now becoming a major health hazard.
The demands of better and improved healthcare facilities have prompted various researches to address these issues on a long-term basis.
A balance needs to be struck between ensuring cooperative federalism and coordination between center and state so that benefit of the right to healthcare in India reaches all.
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