Understanding NFTs and their Regulation in the Metaverse


Art before NFTs

Before the introduction of Non-Fungible Tokens (“NFTs”), art was generally purchased and sold in physical forms such as paintings, sculptures, and prints. Physical paperwork, such as a certificate of authenticity or a bill of sale, was used to prove ownership of a work of art. Art was sold and traded in digital formats with the onset of the digital age, but the ownership and authenticity of digital art were more difficult to authenticate until the introduction of NFTs. Through blockchain technology, NFTs enable the unique identification and ownership verification of digital art, providing a new degree of validity and value to digital art.

What are NFTs?

NFTs are one-of-a-kind digital assets that cannot be replaced by a comparable item, such as cash. They act as ownership certificates for virtual or physical items such as artworks. They address the issue of digital replication by registering ownership on a secure, decentralized blockchain ledger that cannot be hacked or manipulated. Through smart contracts that automate commission payments, the blockchain also promotes equitable payment to the artist.

Minting and Tokenization of NFTs

The process of minting is a crucial step in the creation of NFTs. It involves the conversion of a digital file into a unique and verifiable asset that can be bought and sold on digital marketplaces. To mint an NFT, the digital file is embedded into a blockchain ledger, which adds a layer of security and decentralization to the asset’s owner. This process gives the NFT its distinct identity, making it a verifiable document of ownership. The most widely used blockchain for NFT transactions is Ethereum, but other blockchains, such as Polygon, are increasingly being utilized. The process of creating and trading NFTs is known as tokenization.

Gas Fee for NFTs

To commence the transaction and publish the artwork as an NFT, the artist must pay a transaction cost known as the gas fee. Artists should be aware that the transfer of the NFT will very certainly result in a transfer of ownership, but the copyright in the underlying artwork will remain with the artist.

Application of Blockchain

The artist is granted a slew of exclusive rights under copyright law, including the right to redistribute, develop derivatives, distribute copies, perform publicly, display, and more. NFT collectors have the right to sell, trade, and transfer the NFT but not to use the underlying artwork. Before entering the NFT realm, artists should carefully evaluate their rights and duties, and ensure they completely understand the process and terms of NFT minting. Now, let’s look at what the Metaverse is and how it relates to NFTs.


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