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Types of Bail in India

Whenever a person gets arrested the first thing that comes to one’s mind is bail.

Bail refers to the provisional release of the accused in a criminal case in which the court is yet to announce the judgment. The Constitution of India states that bail is the right of a person.

Watch Now our latest video where Avani Shukla, Lawyer & Associate, LawWiser, will be talking about –

1. Different types of bail- Regular, Interim and anticipatory bail

2. Conditions for the grant of bail in bailable and non-bailable offences

Tune in to learn more.

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Difference Between FIR & Complaint

We all know that crime often creates an alarming situation in our society. When we talk about crime, we often hear two terms quite often – FIR & Complaint.

Most people think that they are similar in nature. There are differences between the both and today we are going to quickly go through them.

#WatchNow our video on the Difference between FIRs and Complaints where Avani Shukla will take you through the differences based on various factors ranging from their meaning, who can apply, whom to apply, nature of offence covered, investigation to format.

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Cheating, Civil Disputes and Quashing FIRs

Watch Now full video on- Cheating, Civil Disputes and Quashing FIRs featuring Vivek Sood, Senior Advocate, Supreme Court of India and Munawwar Naseem, Partner, Dua Associates along with our host Avani Shukla.

The video will be covering different aspects surrounding the topic –

1. Where is the line between the offence of cheating and a civil dispute?

2. Should High Courts should exercise the inherent power of quashing FIRs alleging the offence of cheating, more often?

3. Why and how is the offence of cheating misused by unscrupulous complainants?

4. What are the checks against the misuse of the offence of cheating?

5. Do FIRs alleging cheating have become a money recovery mechanism more than a means of punishing the accused?

Watch the full feature to learn more!

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Must Know Renting Laws – Basic Laws for Landlords and Tenants

The first part of our series on renting laws that cover basic renting laws every homeowner and tenant should be aware of is finally here.

These laws will give a clear idea to both the homeowner and the tenant of what is acceptable and what is not in renting, what can be actioned, and what cannot.

Watch Avani Shukla, Associate – content & collaborations, talk about-

– Rental agreements

– what does it cover, its importance

– Property maintenance

– Payable rent

– Security deposits and much more

Stay tuned for the next part covering – Laws protecting homeowners.

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What is Moonlighting?

Moonlighting is a trending topic these days. The buzz is because there is a rise in people opting for multiple jobs simultaneously. Be it in the IT sector or for gig workers.

However, there is a debate on trying to understand the impact of moonlighting, and whether it is ethical. Especially in the wake of reports that certain companies like Swiggy are allowing moonlighting, while many refrain from doing so.

So what is Moonlighting? Is it legal in India?

We try to understand all this in #LawWiser’s latest video on Moonlighting. Watch now to know more about this trending topic.

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Unlocking Green Hydrogen in India

Want to know more on the latest buzz about Green Hydrogen in India?

#WatchNow LawWiser’s latest video on “Unlocking Green Hydrogen in India” with Expert speaker Rimali Batra, Associate Partner, DSK Legal, and our host Sania Husaini, Lawyer & Consulting Editor, LawWiser.

In this video Rimali Shares insights on

⚗️ How promising is the plan and policy of Green Hydrogen, for India?

⚗️ Has there been a re-look or detailing of the incentives on the Green Hydrogen Policy?

⚗️ Any developments on connectivity to green hydrogen plants

⚗️ Any developments to tackle challenges in transportation and storage

⚗️ How is India transitioning to a Green Hydrogen Future?

Watch all this in detail in the full feature Now!

UNLOCKING GREEN HYDROGEN IN INDIA

How promising is the plan and policy of Green Hydrogen, for India?

The recent report issues by NITI Aayog, in partnership with Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI), have outlined ten strategies for India to become a major producer of green hydrogen. According to the report, India might have the largest green hydrogen generation capacity in the world of by 2030. India’s hydrogen demand is anticipated to rise by more than four times by 2050, making up 10% of the world’s hydrogen demand. Hence, the figures look very promising.

Has there been a re-look or detailing of the incentives on the Green Hydrogen Policy, as we discussed earlier?

Yes, the government has been at it. In addition to the earlier listed incentives, now the government has in order to open entry of players in the sector, has offered incentives to start-ups, helping entrepreneurs through incubators and investor networks, and aiding in implementing rules – which all in turn manage the ‘first-mover risks’ for start-ups. These are after all essential as a source of low-cost financing for scaling up and bridging markets.

Additionally, the government is establishing Green Hydrogen standards and expand the labelling programme.

They are also, through global hydrogen alliance, aiming to promote the export of green hydrogen and green hydrogen-embedded products.

Land in Renewable Energy Parks can be used to produce Green Hydrogen/Green Ammonia. The Indian government intends to establish Manufacturing Zones. Any of the Manufacturing Zones can be used to build a green hydrogen / green ammonia generating plant.

Lastly, based on state grand challenge, three hydrogen corridors should be built across the country. Power minster RK Singh has previously noted that Germany and Japan could be key markets for green hydrogen produced in India.

Last when we discussed, the Government had promised connectivity to green hydrogen plants for a long period, has there been any further movement on the same?

Indeed, so according to the recent update, Green Hydrogen / Green Ammonia plants will be given Open Access for Renewable Energy sourcing within 15 days of receipt of a complete application. The Open Access charges must be paid in accordance with the rules. Connectivity to the ISTS for Renewable Energy capacity put up for the purpose of manufacturing Green Hydrogen / Green Ammonia shall be given on a priority basis under the Electricity (Transmission system planning, development, and collection of Inter State Transmission costs) Rules 2021.

Last when we spoke, we discussed challenges in transportation and storage, is there any further development on the same?

Hydrogen storage and transportation have always been challenging due to the gas’s distinctive properties—flammability, low density, ease of dispersion, and embrittlement. Nonetheless, technological advancements and commercial imperatives are progressively permitting more cost-effective forms of storage and transportation.

Hydrogen has three main avenues for storage, each with their own use cases and challenges:

  • Storage Tanks are the simplest and most cost-effective way to store and transport hydrogen, which is often compressed and cryo-compressed.  The issue for compressed hydrogen storage is that the low density of hydrogen necessitates the use of large containers—three times the size of methane and ten times the size of petrol which in turn raises material prices. Liquefaction of hydrogen is another method of increasing density, although it has greater energy costs—up to 30% of the energy content of the fuel compared with 4–7% for compressed hydrogen.
  • Due to the high energy cost of liquefaction and material inefficiencies of compression, chemical storage in the form of compounds such as liquified organic hydrogen carriers (LOHCs) like methanol and toluene, and hydrides such as ammonia (NH3) are also gaining traction. Each technique of chemical storage, however, has its own set of advantages and disadvantages, such as the cost of energy conversion and chemical properties that necessitate cautious handling, among other things. 
  • Natural underground storage in salt caverns and salt domes is a high-volume, low-cost solution, although local availability can be difficult.

Hydrogen can be transported three main ways, depending on the distance, volume, and state in which transporting:

  • Pipelines are the most cost-effective way to transport hydrogen across vast distances. Pipeline construction typically necessitates volume and demand certainty in order to justify investment. Existing natural gas pipes can also be reused if they meet the technical standards for reducing the risk of embrittlement. Repurposing existing pipelines also allows for hydrogen blending into existing natural gas networks for end users where blended hydrogen can speed up demand creation.
  • Trucks are also used to transport smaller amounts of hydrogen, both gaseous and liquid, for local distribution and longer journeys.
  •  Tanker ships are increasingly being employed for larger-volume, longer-distance transportation, mostly of liquid hydrogen (LH2), LHOCs, and ammonia. Shipping hydrogen is now expensive because of additional conversion costs (liquefaction or chemical conversion) in addition to the structural design required to prevent embrittlement risk.

What are your thoughts on the transition to a Green Hydrogen Future?

With countries’ and industries’ increasing net-zero emission targets and hydrogen’s capacity to decarbonize hard sectors, hydrogen has gained traction in a number of countries. At least 43 countries have established or are establishing strategies or roadmaps for a hydrogen economy.  The majority of government-related hydrogen R&D spending is centred in Europe, the United States, Japan, and China. In spite of, the positive view on transition there are challenges faced while producing the clean Hydrogen, which India is likely to overcome by 2050. However, one thing India will need to steer clear from is a having a complex policy regulation on green hydrogen.

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Under The Wings | Prerana Malhotra | LawWiser & GCAI

Watch Now the next interaction as part of the initiative- #UnderTheWings in collaboration with General Counsels’ Association of India, featuring Prerana Malhotra, Deputy General Manager at Samvardhana Motherson Group, nominated by C.V. Raghu, Founder Member, GCAI and Group General Counsel, Samvardhana Motherson Group.

She will help us understand different aspects of mentorship ranging from its roles in the initial stages of the career to enhancing one’s personal and professional growth, specifically focusing on the legal industry.

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Under the Wings | Pooja Sehgal Mehtani | GCAI & LawWiser

Watch Now the next interaction as part of the initiative – #UnderTheWings in collaboration with General Counsels’ Association of India, featuring Pooja Sehgal Mehtani, General Counsel, Sun Life Asia Service Centres and Company Secretary, Asia Service Centre India. nominated by Dr. Akhil Prasad, Director, Country Counsel India and Company Secretary at Boeing.

She will help us understand –

– The challenges that people from diverse backgrounds face in an organisation

– Thoughts, inhibitions and concerns experienced in the initial stages of one’s career

– How mentorship helps in growing both personally and professionally

– Role of mentorship in the legal industry

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Green Finance – LawWiser Shorts | Featuring Harsh Arora, Phoenix Legal

Watch now LawWiser’s video on understanding Green Finance with Harsh Arora, Partner, Phoenix Legal.

India’s financial system is exploring green finance for sustainable development initiatives. Harsh succinctly explains to us the the term Green finance. He shares that this term is used for the increase in financial flow from public/private sectors to green and sustainable development projects including the production of energy from renewable sources like solar, biogas, wind etc.

He also takes us through what is Green Bonds and describes it as the bonds issued by any sovereign entity, inter-governmental groups or alliances and corporates with the aim that the proceeds of the bonds are utilised for projects classified as environmentally sustainable. Watch Harsh share more details on green finance and green bonds in India. Tune into LawWiser for more such interesting videos!

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The Corporate Landscape: Indian Context

– How do International or foreign companies navigate through the Indian corporate regulatory landscape in India?

– How do they cope with the challenges? – How are they viewing these changes?

– How are public listed companies entangled in family related disputes of promoters, navigating through the challenges posed by these disputes?

Want to know about all the above and much more?

Tune in now to LawWiser’s video on the Corporate Landscape: Indian Context, with our eminent panellists Senior Advocate, Gourab Banerji, and Deepika Chaudhry, Executive Director, Legal, APAC, Xerox.

Watch them share insights on how the Indian and foreign companies are navigating through these changes, with our host Sania Husaini.

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