June 8, 2024

Arraignment in the Indian legal context is a formal stage in criminal proceedings where the accused is brought before a magistrate or judge to hear the charges against them and to enter a plea. Under the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC), arraignment typically occurs during the initial court appearance after the filing of the charge sheet. During the arraignment, the court reads out the charges to the accused in a language they understand, ensuring they are fully informed of the allegations. The accused is then asked to enter a plea of guilty, not guilty, or no contest. If the accused pleads guilty, the court may proceed to sentencing. If the plea is not guilty, the case is scheduled for trial, where the prosecution must prove the charges beyond a reasonable doubt. The arraignment process ensures that the accused’s rights are protected, including the right to be informed of the charges, the right to legal counsel, and the right to prepare a defence. It is a critical step in the criminal justice system, establishing the framework for the trial and ensuring procedural fairness and transparency.


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