June 8, 2024

A deposition in the Indian legal context is a formal process where a witness provides sworn testimony outside of court, typically during the discovery phase of a lawsuit. Governed by the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (CPC), and in criminal cases by the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC), depositions serve as a tool to gather evidence and preserve testimony for trial. During a deposition, witnesses answer questions posed by the attorneys of both parties, and their responses are recorded verbatim by a court reporter or through electronic means. The testimony is given under oath, and the deponent (the person giving the deposition) is subject to penalties for perjury if they provide false information. Depositions help clarify the facts of the case, identify the issues in dispute, and can be used to impeach a witness’s credibility during the trial if their in-court testimony deviates from their deposition. In India, depositions are less commonly used compared to some other jurisdictions, but they remain an important aspect of pre-trial discovery, aiding in the preparation of a case and potentially facilitating settlements by revealing the strengths and weaknesses of each party’s position.


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